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Knitting School
(with links to German terms)
 
slip knot
in German: Knotenschlinge
knit two stitches together
in German: 2 Maschen rechts
zusammenstricken
casting on
in German: Maschenanschlag
purl two stitches together
in German: 2 Maschen links
zusammenstricken
knit stitch
in German: rechte Masche
slip stitch knitwise
in German: Masche rechts abheben
twisted  or 
crossed knit stitch

in German: rechtsverschränkte
oder rechts verdrehte Masche
slip stitch purlwise
in German: Masche links abheben
purl stitch
in German: linke Masche
sl1, k1, psso 
(decreasing)

in German: überzogenen Abnahme, 
2 Maschen überzogen zusammenstricken
twisted or 
crossed purl stitch

in German: linksverschränkte
oder links verdrehte Masche
sl1, k2tog, psso 
(decreasing)

in German: doppelte überzogene Abnahme, 
3 Maschen überzogen zusammenstricken
yarn over
in German: Umschlag
binding off
in German: Abketten
knitting needle size 
conversion chart
German to English 
Abbreviations


Slip Knot
in German: Knotenschlinge
Wind the yarn around two fingers and over the two fingers again to
the back of the first thread through the front one to form a loop. 
Pull end to tighten the loop. 

A slip knot is the starting point for almost everything you do in knitting 
and is the basis of all casting on techniques. 

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Casting On in 8 steps
1. Make a lip knot about 1 yard (1 meter - depending on the number 
of stitches required) from the end of the yarn. Hold the needle in the 
right hand with the ball end of the yarn over your first finger.

2. Wind the loose end of the yarn around the left thumb from front to back.

3. Take the ball end of yarn with your right forefinger over the needle point.

4. Pull a loop through to form the first stitch.

5. Remove your left thumb from the yarn and

6. pull the loose end to secure the stitch.

7. Repeat from 2.

8. until the required number of stitches has been cast on. 

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knit stitch (ks)
in German: rechte Masche

Hold the needle with the cast on stitches in the left hand. 
With the yarn at the back of work, insert the right -hand needle from 
left to right through the front of the first stitch on left-hand needle. 
Wind the yarn from left to right over the point of the right-hand needle. 
Draw the yarn back through the stitch, thus forming a loop in the right-hand 
needle. slip the original stitch off the left-hand needle. 

Symbol(s): knit stitch symbol or knit stitch symbol

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twisted or crossed knit stitch (tk)
Insert right-hand needle in the back loop of the left-hand needle and 
knit a stitch. 
Slip the stitch off the left-hand needle. 

Symbol(s): twisted or crossed knit stitch symbol or twisted or crossed knit stitch symbol

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purl stitch (ps)
in German: linke Masche
With the yarn at the front of the work insert the right-hand needle 
from right to left through the front of the first stitch on the left-hand needle. 
Wind the yarn from right to left over the point of the right -hand needle. 
Draw a loop through onto the right-hand needle. Slip the stitch off the 
left-hand needle. 

Symbol: purl stitch symbol

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twisted or crossed purl stitch (pk)  
With the yarn at the front of the work insert the right-hand needle in 
the back loop of the left-hand one. 
Wind the yarn and draw a loop through on to the right-hand needle. 
Slip the stitch off the left-hand needle. 

Symbol:twisted or crossed purl stitch symbol

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yarn over (yo)
in German: Umschlag
An extra stitch can also be made with a loop between two stitches 
which is knitted or purled on subsequent rows. This form a hole 
which can be used as a decorative feature. 

yo between two knit stitches: 
Bring the yarn forward as if to purl a stitch, then taking the yarn over 
the top of the needle knit the next stitch. 

you between two purl stitches: 
Take the yarn over the top of the needle, then between the two needles
to the front again before purling the next stitch. 

Symbol(s): yarn over symbol or yarn over symbol

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knit two stitches together (k2tog)
Insert the right-hand needle from left to right thorough two stitches 
instead of one, then knit them together as one stitch. This is called knit two together. 

Symbol(s): knit two stitches together symbol or knit two stitches together symbol

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purl two stitches together (p2tog) 
Insert the right-hand needle from right to left through two stitches 
instead of one, then purl them together as one stitch. 
This is called purl tow together. 

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slip stitch knitwise
You can slip a stitch knitwise where the right-hand needle is inserted 
as if to knit. In this case the slip stitch becomes twisted. 
Occasionally twisted slip stitches can become a feature of the stitch pattern. 

Symbol: slip stitch knitwise symbol

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slip stitch purlwise
You can slip a stitch purlwise where the right-hand needle is 
inserted as if to purl. 
This method is used when the lip stitch is to be worked on the 
following row. 

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sl1, k1, psso (decreasing)
Slip one stitch then knit the next one and pass the slipped stitch over. 

Symbol(s):sl1, k1, psso symbol or sl1, k1, psso symbol

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sl1, k2tog, psso (decreasing)
Slip one stitch then knit the next two together and pass the slipped 
stitch over. 

Symbol(s): sl1, k2tog, psso symbol or sl1, k2tog, psso symbol

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Binding Off
in German: Abketten

binding off knitwise: 
knit the first two stitches. 
* using the left-hand needle lift the first stitch over the second and
drop it off the needle. Knit the next stitch and repeat from the * 
until all the stitches have been worked form the left-hand needle 
and one stitch only remains on the right-hand needle. 
But the yarn and thread the cut end through the stitch on the needle. 
Draw the yarn up firmly to fasten off the last stitch. 

Always find off in pattern: this means that in stockinette stitch 
(is the most widely knitted fabric, comprising of alternate knit 
and purl rows) you bind off knitwise on a knit row and purlwise 
on a purl row. 
Binding off ribbing should always be done as f you were continuing 
the rib and most pattern stitches can also be followed during the 
course of the binding off. 

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knitting needle size conversion chart

U.S
0
1
2
-
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10 1/2
-
-
11
13
15
17 19 35 50
Metric (mm)
2
2.25
2.75
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
9
10
12 16 19 25
English
14
13
12
11
10
-
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
00
000
-
-
-
-

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knitting abbreviations - knitting glossary - symbol knitting - knitting samples

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updated July 2007

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